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13th International Conference on Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology

Osaka, Japan

Polymer-derived ceramics for space applications

Polymer-derived ceramics for space applications

Sharda Univeristy, India

Title: Polymer-derived ceramics for space applications

Biography

Biography: Polymer-derived ceramics for space applications

Abstract

Inorganic and organometallic polymers capable of giving ceramics in good yield (at least 50%) when subjected to pyrolysis are referred to as “preceramic polymers”. There are several advantages in using preceramic polymers for obtaining ceramics. Using conventional ceramic processing techniques it is difficult to get non-oxide ceramic coatings, continuous ceramic fibres and ceramic films. Preceramic polymers can be processed using conventional polymer processing techniques into coatings, films, fibres and composites followed by pyrolysis and sintering to get ceramic coatings, ceramic films, ceramic fibres and ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). Unlike the conventional ceramic processing routes, preceramic route invariably give nanoceramics and hence, it is easy to machine polymer-derived ceramic components.Yet another advantage is that conversion of polymers to ceramics takes place at relatively low temperatures (1200-1500°C) when compared to conventional processes (~2000°C).Keeping in view of the potential space applications, the research work on polymer-derived ceramics was initiated in the Space Centre in 1987 and over the years, different types of preceramic polymers such as polycarbosilanes, polysialhydrocarbons, polyborosiloxanes, and poly(metalloborosiloxane)s have been synthesized and their conversion to ceramics have been studied. These precursors have been evaluated for the following space applications: i) oxidation resistant coatings for C/C composites for renetry and reusable launch vehicles, ii) matrix resins for ceramic matrix composites and lightweight ceramics, candidate materials for advanced thermostructural/thermal protection materials for reusable launch vehicles, iii) thermal barrier coatings, iv) ceramic adhesives and v) atomic oxygen resistant coatings for low earth orbit space structures. This keynote lecture covers the above aspects.